1st International Symposium DEARQ Journal Architecture and Urbanism for Peace and Reconciliation

Paper Abstracts

This document includes all of the participant abstracts from the papers that will be presented at the symposium. There will be seven panels, five in Spanish and two in English.

1st Panel in Spanish Low – Key: Carolina Blanco

Title: Architecture, Art and Urbanism as Tools to Build and Strengthen the Post-­‐Agreement of Peace in Colombia
Author: Erika Tatiana Ayala, Rubén Darío Rodríguez, Eduardo Gabriel Osorio (Presentation in Spanish)

This  article  stems  from  the  investigation  "Places  of  the  memory.  Strengthening  of  the  identity across the collective spaces of Cúcuta's city" financed by the University of Francisco  de  Paula  Santander.  It  centers  on  the  roll  that  architecture,  art  and  urbanism  fulfill in the construction and strengthening of Colombia in a post-­‐agreement scenario, helping the process of reconciliation and recovery of community memory, by means of the materialization  of  punctual  or  urban  projects  that  the  victims  claim,  favoring  the  generation of identity, rooting and territoriality.

Key words: Post -­‐ agreement, architecture, art, urbanism, and symbolic repair
Title: From the Urban Maze Towards Reconciliation
Author: Henry Osorio

Reimagine  the  city  is  preparing  for  a  post-­‐conflict  territory.  This  will  allow  gradual  approach towards reconciliation, towards a post-­‐conflict generator of thoughts and changes. Where the dignity and equality are part of a sustainable construction as part of integral human development plan, to find a lasting and stable peace.
Since the research of peace is a right and a duty of each citizen. It becomes a priority that in Colombia must transcend toward a spirit of collective participation in the management of opportunities for all. Trying to reach for peace, implicates being in a state of attention willing  to  listen  to  the  diverse  positions  ready  for  change  and  do  it  in  a  planned  and  consensus way. From the urban perspective, a town narrated from memory and culture, reconciles  human  being  making  this  as  its  environment,  also  an  habitable  and  friendly  place. Where the urban proposals enrich the plural territories, strengthening the social, economic  and  political  development.    Focusing  on  human  rights  and  democracy;  in  transforming force of a country, to make sure an worthy habitat.

Title: On the Way to Peace: Architecture and Cities for Gender Memory Without Oblivion
Author: Mónica Sánchez Bernal

Seen from the perspective of the rights of women, gender and differential, architecture and  urbanism  have  in  common  with  the  talks  seeking  peace  agreements,  the  delay  in  incorporating the voices of women in their construction processes.
When the focus is on developing peace, cities cannot afford lapses. Of all susceptible to relapse,  in  terms  of  (in)  justice,  they  are  those  who  ignore  the  presence  of  women,  history, legitimate fears, desires, needs and requirements. In the territories women also exist. We are territory. We inhabit differently. War affects us in many ways.
To remember is to recognize in the past traces to avoid replicating horrors and pains, also think, plan, design and implement proposals to achieve a better quality of life. This aims, among other objectives, towards effective reconciliation.
In  addition  to  the  call  to  lay  down  arms  and  violence  of  all  kinds-­‐in  the  bodies  and  territories, streets and housing-­‐are on to ensure that spaces are welcoming to women and to create other, own them, while their welfare warrants against discrimination rooted. Are spaces-­‐and what happens in them-­‐mirror reflection of a peace achieved.
In  that  sense  a  look  back  at  architectural  events  occurring  in  resilience  linked  to  representative experiences, understand and have found a solution, it is timely in redefining strokes arise only on paper, to light and shadow. Processes from the creative act  to  strengthen  understanding  that  the  design  of  spaces  affects  the  conditions  conducive to aggressive behavior or are mute scenarios adapted everyday scene, broken, interrupted.

2nd Panel in English Low – Key: Eduardo Mazuera

Title: DMZ -­‐ Occupying Territorial Paradox
Author: YouBeen Kim

We  live  in  an  age  of  global  unrest  and  discontinuity  due  to  social,  political  and  environmental conflicts around the world. Korea has currently remained the only separated nation in the world, having separate ideologies, cultures, and two very distinct different socio-­‐economical systems. With this discontinuity, De Militarized Zone, so-­‐called DMZ,  as  a  border  zone  has  been  considered  a  third  world  district  with  no  human  interference allowed. The border extending the 248 km long and 4km wide was established in 1953 after the Korean War representing a complex paradox between two divergent  territories. The  aim  of  this  proposal  is  to  examine  the  diverse  paradoxical  conditions of territorial relationships with an architectural ripple in geo-­‐political space between  North  and  South  Korea  and  it  is  to  investigate  the  opportunities  and  experiences through finding the official way to access and exploring the territory that will create  new  spatial  order,  network,  and  strategy  generating  the  peace  and reconciliation. The proposal focuses on a site confronting the most extreme paradoxical  complexities  found  in  the  archaeological  site  of  Korea’s  ancient  capital  city  (Gungye Castle), which is isolated in the middle of DMZ.
As a political and social material, today’s border fence is itself a paradox while it is the only structure that can physically occupy the ground of DMZ generating a 3m wide by 3m high  spaces,  yet  doesn’t  officially  belong  to  the  DMZ  or  Korea.  Taking  its  paradoxical  characteristic as an opportunity to use the as a new systematic and architectural device occupying the DMZ territory, this proposal uses the double fence to extend and to curate diverse  and  controlled  experiences  of  visitors  and  scientists  in  this  historic  and  extreme  site that is currently inaccessible.
Through this complex political, historical, and territorial relationship among the internal (unity: the ancient capital city), transitional (double fence edge), and the external (divided nation)  territories,  the  role  of  architecture  sees  this  extreme  and  unstable  context  as  a  catalyst to control and mediate the paradoxical complexities, creating a new type of network that will be able to access the extreme politically charged border and expect the positive  possibilities  in  the  future.  This  will  provide  a  platform  for  the  next  phase  to  perform unpredictable opportunities for direct and positive interaction between the divided  nations.  Eventually,  this  extreme  process  of  maintaining  the  idea  of  border  and examining  the  territorial  paradox  might  be  able  to  contribute  to  elimination  of  the  extreme tension in DMZ inspiring the peace and reconciliation.

Title: RISK OF CONFLICT AS AN OPERATIONAL TOOL. Using Environmental Governance to Align Peace-­‐making and Sustainable Development Goals in Barranquilla
Author: Luis Eduardo Montenegro

Based on the author’s master of science graduation project, the presentation will discuss how spatial development centered in environmental challenges can play a central role in reconstruction processes in post-­‐conflict situations, empowering the most vulnerable and fostering  sustainable  development  in  Barranquilla.  Particularly,  I  will  emphasize  how  it  creates dialogue that goes beyond environmental issues.
Starting by briefly examining the how the conflict and forced displacement has enhanced a  fragile  condition  where  the  absence  of  the  state,  stagnation  and  complex  borders generate  informality,  loss  of  land  value  and  violence.  This  illustrates  how  forceful  displacement is a major problem for Barranquilla and it augments unplanned and unrestrained urbanization, poverty, segregation and environmental degradation. Much of the displaced population occupies the river and wetland areas, which are a critical factor to pursue an environmental mainstreaming agenda.
The presentation will go through the ambitions and constraints of post-­‐conflict processes, found in the literature, in order to identify the possibilities for architecture and urbanism in  such  processes.  Environmental  governance  is  identified  as  crucial  practice  in  order  to  align sustainable development and peace-­‐making goals. The final part of the presentation explains  how  in  reconstruction  processes  tackling  environmental  issues  allow  architects  and urban planners to address economic development and infrastructure challenges, as well  as  improving  the  physical  conditions  of  the  daily  spaces  of  the  segregated  communities. It empowers these communities by putting their needs in the development agenda. To illustrate this I will use the case developed in the graduation project for the Public Market of Barranquilla.

Title: Architectural Restructuring for Reconciliation and Peace-­‐building in Mizoram: Role of  Urban  Planning  in  Transformations  in  a  Conflict  Struck  Territory  to  a  Socio-­‐economically Developed Society
Author: Barsha Amarendra, Proff. Amarendra Kumar Das

A  landscape  torn  by  wars  and  political  conflicts  on  its  path  of  reconciliation  and  peace  building is deeply dependent upon the integrated development of the infrastructure and socio-­‐economic  dimensions.  It  has  been  a  time-­‐tested  formulation  that  the  coming  of  urbanism transforms a society positively. Popularly referred to as Architecture for peace, this  ideology  is  gaining  momentum  in  conflict-­‐struck  countries  like  Israel-­‐Palestine,  Argentina and Afghanistan. A less known but highly successful experimentation with ‘Architecture for Peace’ is that of Mizoram. A small ethnically diverse state in the Northeastern extreme of India, Mizoram’s history is marred with strife between the different ethnic groups and the government and lives  scarred  with  the  fear  of  death  due  to  insurgency.  However,  a  total  change  in  the  urban planning and architectural restructuring of the villages was done under the project called ‘Operation Security’. This Government of India initiative to eliminate insurgency in the state, transformed Mizoram from a conflict struck state to a state with 100% literacy and  economic  surge.  The  linear  cluster  organization  and  radial  road  connectivity  of  the  newly structured villages as against the scattered organization led to a coherent linkage amongst  different  settlements  and  led  to  a  positive  reconciliation  of  the  various  tribal  settlements. Furthermore, architectural projects were undertaken for the cultural preservation  and  social  reconciliation  of  the  various  tribes.  Youth  organizations,  panchayat bodies (local democratic institutions) were formed to supervise these urban planning propositions and integration of everyday urbanism and public spaces for peace building. This  paper  analyses  how  urban  planning  and  architectural  restructuring  can  lead  to  reconciliation and cultural preservation of heritage through a detailed case study of the transformations  in  Mizoram.  Also,  architectural  propositions  for  further  betterment  of  conflicted societies and for a harmonious and peaceful existence have been made.

Keywords:  reconciliation,  urban  planning,  architectural  restructuring,  and  cultural  preservation.

3rd Panel in Spanish Low – Key: Laura Betancur

Title: Institutional Architectures, Informal Mechanisms and the Challenges for Territorial Peace-­‐building in Colombia
Author: Andrés Casas-­‐Casas

The  presentation´s  goal  is  to  provide  an  analytical  framework  to  build  bridges  between  disciplines concerned with the importance of the institutional structures and informal social mechanisms that underlie planning and intervention on the field for peacemaking and peace building efforts.
From  an  interdisciplinary  perspective  it  seeks  to  draw  attention  on  the  intimate  connections between physical and symbolic spaces through the study of cognitive territories  of  the  populations  involved  in  these  processes.  To  think  about  institutional  architectures and the informal mechanisms that can block or enhance territorial peace building is to embrace the multidimensionality of human experience and the crucial role of social learning.
Emphasis  is  placed  on  the  importance  of  micro-­‐political  processes  both  for  public  and  institutional management (Top -­‐down) and communitary initiatives(Bottom -­‐up). I outline some challenges that defy peace plans in a context like Colombia, marked by social and geographical diversity and heterogeneity.

Title: Prison as a Space of Inclusion and Exclusion in Post-­‐conflict Colombia Author: Manuel Iturralde, Libardo Ariza

Prison is not just a form of punishment. It is the material and symbolic construction of a space,  which  is  many  things  at  the  same  time:  reflection  and  representation  of  other  social spaces, of certain ideals and values -­‐which the prison subverts and inverts. Prison is a certain space that nevertheless has no place, for it expresses a non-­‐place – that of social and  political  exclusion,  where  the  rule  of  law  is  suspended.  Thus,  prison  is  a  space  of  contradictory meanings that, like a broken mirror, reflects, juxtaposes and recreates different features of society. This paper will reflect on the meanings and effects of prison, as  a  physical  and  social  space,  on  those  who  have  to  endure  it,  and  on  a  society  that  largely demands it or tolerates it. It will also discuss the role that prison plays –and may play-­‐ in the construction of spaces and meanings, which in turn may enhance or hinder social reconciliation, which supposedly will arrive in a post-­‐conflict stage.

Title: For an Ethic and Politic Compromise from Architecture Author: María Mercedes Jaramillo

Making ours the hypothesis that the principal function of urbanism -­‐-­‐and  by  extension  of  architecture-­‐-­‐   is  that  of  guaranteeing  the  conditions  that  make  it  possible for a city's public space to foment the creation of a social fabric, this paper makes manifest, when scrutinizing two recent paradigmatic examples of government-­‐sponsored housing policies, that a responsible exercise of this discipline is non-­‐existent in Colombia.
Using  as  illustration  the  history  of  urban  development  in  Paris,  as  well  as  the  political  policies of the twentieth century that at present have a direct bearing on the social conflicts faced by French society, María Mercedes Jaramillo signals the probability of the current Colombian urban policies being the prelude to a future contrary to the search for peace and reconciliation within the framework of a post-­‐ conflict scenario.
At the same time, and by bringing to mind the dissidence of Team X and its resistance to the CIAM proposals, in a revisionist context of the social sciences and the artistic avant-­‐garde, she beckons Colombian  architects  to  take  a  critical  stance,  stemming  from  an  ethical  and  political  commitment, so as to assume a role commensurate to the challenge we are up against.

4th Panel in Spanish Low – Key: Maarten Goosens

Title: House of Memory and Community Space " Remanso de Paz"
Author: Farhid Maya

Pueblo Bello is a town in the Urabá region of Antioquia , inhabited by about 2000 people, which from  1990  and  for  nearly  twenty  years  suffered  the  worst  effects  of  paramilitary  and guerrilla violence. Enforced disappearances, massacres, the burning of buildings and people, and population displacement were common. In this dark picture is highlighted the disappearance  of  “the  43″₺,  the  largest  forced  disappearance  of  the  history  of  Colombia  and the reason why the nation was sanctioned by the Inter-­‐American Court of Human Rights.
As part of the measures of collective reparations for victims with which it seeks to turn the page  of  violence,  the  community  of  Pueblo  Bello  defined  the  need  for  a  building  that  would serve to regain and strengthen community life while honoring the memory of the 500 victims of the violence.
This building materialized in 2014 harboring an architectural program designed directly by the community in accordance with their wishes and needs. The design will start from the recognition of the place and its people, history, needs, way of living and future projection. The tour begins in a large ramp, the main access to a building elevated from the ground, which  protects  the  building  from  flooding  of  the  Mulatos  river,  and  whose  dimensions  allow it to also be an outdoor theater. The large ramp leads, accompanied by a diagonal wall 8 meters high, to the House of Memory, a space full of symbols that pay tribute to the victims of violence: light management, change in flooring as a symbol of not belong to a place, a diagonal wall referring to the outburst of violence, the promenade through the “House of Memory” is obligatory to reach the rest of the building, because the future can not exist without knowing the past.
On leaving this first room the visitor will see the first of two courtyards in the building, an interior  garden  with a  tree  as  a  sign  of  rebirth  of  the  community,  linked  directly  to  the  open classroom, partially covered plaza that recognizes the ways of inhabiting a region where the social spaces of the house are in spaces that are both inside and outside; this “open classroom” is joined through the second courtyard to the “house of the future”, a multiple classroom for training, with an enclosure that consists of wooden shutters that allow the entry of wind while controlling light.
Thus, a building that mediates between the past and the future of the population, in the same way that the house of memory makes between the outer and community space, is making  memory  is  built  into  a  living  fact,  a  space  that  not  only  provides  healing,  but  demands of the people-­‐watchers active participation in the construction of memory to retelling his past and his role in building the future.

Title: The Construction of Public Space and the Villanueva Library in Casanare
Author: Germán Ramírez y Alejandro Piñol

This paper proposes two parts. The first part addresses what we mean by the construction of  the  public,  and  its  relevance  in  the  context  of  the  ongoing  Colombian  peace  process  from architecture. The first part is a prelude to the theoretical foundations in the way we have understood and interpreted the problem of construction of the public. The second part is going to address the construction of the public from our practice as architects. This process has been under construction from the discussions that we have matured over ten years  through  a  series  of  fundamental  agreements  we  have  found  and  defined  in  Architecture: the problem of common language, the technique, and the problem of representation.
The ongoing Colombian peace process that houses the call of this reflection, and precisely refers  to  the  end  of  the  armed  conflict  in  Colombia,  has  among  its  multiple  causes  the  problem of land tenure and conflict of integrating scales (national, regional political elites and local). Although these are conditions that should be viewed from a territorial problem on  which  have  made  great  contributions  Social  Sciences  in  Colombia,  our  proposal  addresses the construction of the public from the contemporary sense of plurality as has been proposed by Hannah Arendt. Hannah Arendt who has been one of the great political theorist of the twentieth century has the credit of reintroducing the Aristotelian political thought in modernity. The importance of Arendt’s thought is to recognize that politics is not just a problem of power structures, but is the problem of human coexistence, which takes place in public space, is in this sense that has an important meaning in the way we build the public space from architecture.

Title: From Within Domestic Silence. A reason for Encouragement and Resilience
Author: Gloria Serna

New  beginnings  rise  where  memory,  forgetfulness  and  hope  cross.  Before  thinking  in  reconciliation, you have to take into account several layers of personal stories and the process  that  wounds  take  to  heal.  The  architecture  of  the  domestic  is  where  encouragement for resilience is suggested. The “domestic” as in a territory where not only daily and personal activities take place, but also where ghosts roam and the most private fears are hidden. This presentation intends to reflect on the need to rebuild and rethink the  limits  of  the  symbolic  consideration  of  domestic  space,  through  gestures  that  are  expressed in the architectural elements of a room, and how they articulate a hinge that suggest  the  dual  borders  between  the  material  and  immaterial,  movable  property  and  property, and private and public.

5th Panel in Spanish Low – Key: Maria Cecilia O'Byrne

Title: About Memory and Architecture: Making the Absence Present
Author: Camilo Isaak

The aims of this paper attempt to introduce “memory” as fundamental dimension in any architectural intentions. It is one of their primal principles. Memory is what sets the stage for connecting the past with the present and the future.
Memory  is  an  intrinsic  part  of  architecture,  the  main  part,  because  without  knowing  where we've been, we have no idea where we are going, we have no guidance.
There is huge potential in architecture in its ability to tell people’s memories. Paul Auster, the writer, defines memory as "the space where something happens a second time."
The  paper  aims  to  show  some  architectural  intentions  that  have  been  dealing  with  memory in order to represent a second chance to build some kind of narrative, where the guidelines  are  deliberately  chosen  and  presented  by  architects  and  there  are  related  to  past times. This architectural intentions is concerned about recall of a local atmosphere, stories and identities, inside a physical space and within a group of people.

Title: Bogota Architorture: War and Peace in Urbanism Author: Lucas Ospina

As a dark comedy in three parts, the author initiates a pilgrimage in the great architectural world  of  Bogotá  resolved  to  study  some  of  the  salient  features  of  the  greatest  city  of  Colombia under the magic influence of its vastness, guided by the compass of artists, architects,  constructor  moguls,  urban  curators,  and  humble  and  pretensions  citizens  navigating through all sorts of interests.

Title: From the Impossible Mourning to the Vindication of Memory: The Role of Contemporary Commemorative Architecture in times of Conflict
Author: Tania Maya

This  reflection,  part  of  a  critical  study  of  the  commemorative  architecture  in  societies  victimized in the twentieth century, focuses on the design and function of this type of architecture today. Within the established categories for the classification of monuments and commemorative architecture, the interest is directed to the Museums and Memorials that privileges memory of his time and of society victimized by armed conflict and other types of violence, in a context that since its denial has reached its necessary recognition. In this regard, it explores the role of this architecture as symbolic reparation, by virtue of their role as cultural expression and guarantor of the social bond that unites a community, especially when it involves the symbolizing of the sharing mourning, according to the loss and death that it commemorates.

Title: La Alhambra of Granada: Universal Paradigm of Architecture at the Service of Peace -­‐ Building and Reconciliation Between Cultures
Author: Francisco A. García Pérez

There  are  examples  of  architectures  that  transcend  theirs  geographical  and  historical  location to become universal symbols of reconciliation and peace. One of them is the Alhambra of Granada: a mystified referent of reunion (World Heritage site in 1985), it has been scenery of tensions and conflicts between different civilizations and politic thoughts along its history and, as a result of the cultural synthesis that represents, it has became efficient  instrument  of  mediation  between  nations.  As  well  as  architectonical  reference  for the redaction of the “Manifiesto de la Alhambra” (1953) –a collective document that pretended to restructure the architectonical situation of the nation after the devastating Spanish Civil War– the patrimonial complex has been a symbolic scenery of international agreements  against  Islamic  terrorism  (2005,  2014).  The  paper  aims  to  analyze,  from  an  historical and contemporary point of view and in a national and international scale–, the role of the Alhambra in reconciliation and peace-­‐building processes.

6th Panel in English Low – Key: Juan Pablo Aschner

Title: DMZ Village: Promoting Peace and Reconciliation through Architecture and Urban Planning at DMZ, Korea
Author: Jin Young Song

The  article  is  to  propose  a  memorial  village  at  the  Demilitarized  Zone  (DMZ)  between  South and North Korea that would contribute to communication, education, and reconciliation between the two Koreas. By designing a comfortable, sensitively-­‐arranged housing  complex  for  divided  families  to  live  and  meet,  along  with  a  museum  that  memorializes war victims and draws attention to the forgotten sacrifice of the Korean people, the article expect to create a compelling vision for the North and South Korean governments to collaborate on the construction and administration of the village. As the history  of  autocratic  regimes  shows,  greater  interaction  with  the  outside  world  through  personal interaction, collaboration, and economic development greatly enhances prospects  for  improvements  in  human  rights  and  democratization  in  the  autocratic  regime.
The DMZ has been a historically unique and untouched natural area since the Korean War, which involved a total of 63 countries. The proposed project will result ultimately in the transformation of the forsaken land of the DMZ into a village that accommodates cultural place. Taken together, the history museum, housing complex, and educational institution will provide an essential platform for refocusing international attention on the DMZ and, in  an  indirect  way,  lead  to  improvements  in  human  rights  and  other  quality-­‐of-­‐life  concerns in North Korea. Instead of a simple economic or peace park development strategy, as proposed by the South Korean government, the DMZ should be understood as a historical memorial. The DMZ village will deliver meaningful communication, events, and education for humanitarian interaction between North Korea and the rest of the world.
We  expect  that  the  DMZ  village  will  provide  a  convenient  and  comfortable  living  and  gathering space for reunion events and for memorialization. Considering the age of the divided families, the imminent humanitarian need to bring people together is critical. Even as the first generation of divided families passes away, the DMZ village can continue as a special  place  for  historical  education,  people-­‐to-­‐people  exchange,  and  creative  events.  The architecture and urban planning at DMZ will memorialize the war fatalities and contribute  to  commemorating  the  shared  tragedy  experienced  among  North  and  South  Koreans. This village will generate powerful public awareness of the war for a global audience. The DMZ, a unique site heavily armed and protected for a half century, could become not only a place of reconciliation and cooperation between North and South, but also a launching pad for greater openness, support for human rights, and democratization in North Korea.

Title:  From  Symbolic  Violence  to  Symbolic  Reparation.  Strengthening  Resilience  and  Reparation in Conflict-­‐Affected Areas Through Place-­‐(re)making. Case Studies of the West Bank and Colombia
Author: Brigitte Piquard

Based on case studies in the West Bank and Colombia, this paper investigates the impacts of symbolic violence on conflict-­‐affected populations and on their perception of place, lifestyle and culture. It also looks at the potential of space and place-­‐making to enhance conflict transformation and resilience by strengthening the sense of place and symbolic reparation. In extreme environments, symbolic violence has become a means of actively imposing social or symbolic domination, which can be challenged by place-­‐making and community-­‐based peace-­‐building initiatives.

Key Words: Symbolic violence, symbolic reparation, resilience, conflict transformation, West Bank, Colombia
Title: True Places of Exchange in Divided Cities: the Case of Post-­‐war Beirut
Author: William Wehbe

A post-­‐war city is more than just a series of broken buildings, eviscerated roads and piles of rubble; it is comparable to a sequence of broken urban, social and in the case of Beirut, religious  landscapes.  ‘In  the  absence  of  a  practice  of  intercultural  dialogue,  conflicts  are  insoluble […]’ (Sandercock 2003:87).
For the Lebanese government, the reconstruction of downtown Beirut seems to be a path towards healing the country and a way to reconstruct the social and religious landscape of a war torn city. The birth of a brand new city center branded as a ‘meeting point’ for all was supposed to suffice.
War-­‐torn  downtown  Beirut  is  the  starting  point  to  find  true  places  of  exchange  in  a  divided city in order to decipher the civic urbanity of a post-­‐civil war sectarian capital in the shadow of its reconstruction.
From investigating the idea of ethnic and religious divisions, recognizing the presence of ‘Others’  in  cities  of  plurality,  while  exploring  what  was  accomplished  in  the  Lebanese  capital in terms of urban and social reconstruction, reviewing and deconstructing the available public places in the city, the quest for true places of exchange in post war Beirut is unforeseen.

7th Panel in Spanish Low – Key: Isabel Arteaga y Camilo Salazar

Title: Art, Community Space and Conservation in the Colombian Amazon
Author: Marlene y Diego Samper

The  autarchy  developed  by  traditional  Amazonian  societies  after  millennia  of  deep  relationship with the forest express not only their intimate knowledge of plants and animals, it shows an economy of measure and an ethics born from the awareness of the richness and fragility of life, principles fundamental for the conservation of the Amazon. Cultural conservation is deeply linked to environmental conservation.
The Calanoa Project, set in the southernmost part of the Colombian Amazon, the Trapecio Amazónico,  proposes  de  development  of  self-­‐sufficient  communities.  A  lab  of  applied  creativity, explores the transformative power of art in individuals and society, and through that,  the  strengthening  of  ethnic  identity,  traditional  knowledge,  alternative  community  educational processes, and alternative sustainable economic practices. Villages imagined as  collective  dreams,  defining  their  own  future,  chiselling  their  own  culture,  building  peace.
The Calanoa Project is developing a collective art project, mural paintings in the village of Mocagua  and  a  neighborhood  in  Leticia,  photography  with  children,  the  recovery  of ceramics  and  fibre  arts  traditions,  as  well  as  the  exploration  and  practice  of  traditional  songs and dances in the village of El Vergel.
An  Amazonian  village  is  deeply  rooted  in  its  landscape.  The  creation  of  a  community-­‐managed botanical garden has the intention of establishing a collection of Amazonian plants,  a  seed  bank  and  a  lab  were  traditional  horticultural  practices  are  recovered  and  innovative ones are explored, a cultural landscape that enhance the quality of life of people, as well as the wildlife around.
Beyond a network of buildings, a village is a cultural space. Each place, each culture, is a unique collective exercise of imagination, and as a space of society's creative interaction, is  dynamic  and  in  a  permanent  process  of  metamorphosis.  Memory  and  change:  each  culture has to create from its deepest roots but with wings.

Title: New Meaning for Urban Planning and Territorial Organization: an Approach to a Post-­‐conflict Society in Colombia from a Sustainability Perspective Author: Paula Andrea Cifuentes

This  paper  attempts  to  address  from  a  territorial  perspective,  the  relationship  between  some urban conflicts and socio-­‐spatial segregation, which is among much of the Colombian  population.  The  urban  environmental  problem  is  not  only  reflected  in  the  pollution of rivers, but has to do with the social structure that is built on that-­‐do city. Environmental  problems  cannot  be  understood  as  not  also  analyze  the  way  it  has  been  weaving the network of economic and social within the city limits and close relationship with the agricultural rural environment and the ecosystem means relationships.
The  discussion  covered  in  post-­‐conflict  umbrella  of  sustainable  development  emerges  from the concept of diversity, taking into account development initiatives, which can generate  the  ability  to  integrate  economic  processes  with  environmental  services  and  community needs (Guimarães, Roberto P. 2001: 6), through inclusive processes that take into account the capital.
The profound globalization and worldwide changes, have highlighted the need to reorient the  current  styles  of  development  towards  sustainability.  In  this  regard,  it  has  been  gaining momentum formulating long-­‐term policies, which are based participatory process, consensus,  articulators  and  integrated  planning.  Gradually  they  have  been  losing  plans  and programs centralized, isolated from the social and environmental reality of the country, on the basis of sectorial compartments defined to ensure the viability over time of human activities by the flow of resources and services environmental (Guimarães, ibid.)applied  to  populations  without  considering  the  conditions  (physical,  historical,  social,  economic, etc.) of each place.

Title: Infrastructure and Reconstruction for Peace
Author: Carolina Meza

The  project  “Local  capacities  for  peace”  (conducted  by  FIP,  and  the  Colombian  Home  Office, with the support of the Peace and Reconciliation Foundation) was a participatory research  carried  out  in  2014,  in  46  municipalities  from  Colombia  in  the  departments  of  Antioquia, Cauca, Caquetá, Chocó, Huila, and Norte de Santander, which have been historically  affected  by  the  armed  conflict  with  the  guerrilla  group  FARC-­‐EP  (The  Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army). The goal was to uncover the perceptions,  ideas  and  demands  from  mayors,  inhabitants  and  businesspeople  around  peace in their regions. Therefore, 357 in-­‐depth interviews, 42 focus groups, 43 sub-­‐regional inter-­‐actor dialogues, 4 regional, and one national workshop were conducted. The  conversations  with  regional  leaders  and  key  actors  helped  to  understand  the  perceptions of the current status of the conflict and of the peace process, so as the the resources, challenges, and difficulties identified by the communities for the post-­‐conflict phase.
In  the  regions  studied,  development  and  coexistence  would  be  the  manifestation  of  peace. Most of the post-­‐conflict “dreams” documented in the communities referred to topics  such  as  agricultural  development,  infrastructure  and  basic  services.  This  indicates  that peace is closely related to the State’s capacity to fulfill its fundamental obligations. Among  the  most  recurrent  visions  for  the  post-­‐conflict  were:  1)  the  expansion  of  infrastructure and basic services in key aspects such as basic sanitation, housing, electricity,  health,  education,  water  supply  for  irrigation,  and  collection  centers  for  agricultural products, among others. 2) The reconstruction and expansion of the road network,  especially  in  rural  and  remote  areas,  in  order  to  be  able  to  mobilize,  communicate, be in connection with the community life, and be able to bring agricultural products  into  urban  areas.  3)  The  reconstruction  of  public  spaces,  many  of  which  were  devastated during the conflict, and remain as a living trace of it. The results of this study show significant challenges for architects and urban planners, who need to play a key role in building a stable and lasting peace in the country.

Title: The Social Desing: Interdisciplinary Space of Interrelation. Some Contributions to Coexistence
Author: Henry Granada

Three  important  components  are  mentioned  below:  1.  Spatial  aspects,  referring  to  territory; 2. psychosocial aspects related to the perception and assessment of the roles, interactions  and  activities  and  3.  Active  involvement  of  the  community  in  relation  to  cohabitation as a dynamic system of meaningful interactions and contribute to the quality of  life  and  local  human  development,  in  principle.  The  empirical  link  has  been  primarily  through a fieldwork in a rural area of the municipality of Buga (Colombia), which can be described  as  research  -­‐  intervention.  The  concept  that  articulates  and  gives  a  comprehensive look at the process carried out is that of social design which is defined and treated in the process as a basically constructed as component, but are taken into account previous  working  in  the  respective  state  of  the  art,  they  have  emerged  notions  and  unexpected relationships that often occur in qualitative studies. The possibility of approaches  and  nodes  relationship  between  architecture,  social  psychology  and  knowledge of the community play a central role specifying the context in which you work is  rural,  pointing  territorial  aspects,  without  ruling  out  certain  relationships  with  urban  areas.

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KeyNotes Simposio DEARQ 2015